. , , , the most beautiful, the richest and most visited cities in the world. And there is hardly a man, who would not want to visit Rome one day.
Rome is one of the living museums of world history. , . , . It will spin you through the merry-go-rounds of the story, will stun you with its magnificence and scale, and then let you take a breath in one of the peaceful green parks and thousands of cozy cafes and restaurants. You will always be in a hurry, you will get tired, you will certainly be overwhelmed by people, sights and emotions. But you will most likely become addicted and want to come back again and again, because Rome is not a place, which you can see from end to end and leave. In this article we will tell you about the most monumental sights in Rome, which you should start with on your first visit. And then Rome will lead you through its jungles, to fully enjoy it.
Like the Eiffel Tower is the greatest symbol of Paris, so the Colosseum is the place, . , . The largest amphitheater in the world is still a model of modern sports arenas - the design of today's football stadiums is apparently based on the oval shape of these Roman facilities.
72 r. by Emperor Vespasian and completed by his son Titus. The facility was discovered in 80 r. with spectacular games, continued 100 days. The arena was used for theatrical performances, festivals, the circus, various sporting events and games. High-ranking officials watched the performances from the lowest level, the families of the aristocrats were on the second floor, and the ordinary citizens - on the third and fourth. At that time, the Colosseum could accommodate 50 000 souls.
Like all monumental buildings, and the Colosseum has gone through difficult centuries and has not always been properly valued, as evidenced by its current dilapidated appearance. In the Middle Ages it was used as a fortress, and in 15-16 century was looted, like many other similar old monumental buildings, to use the materials from it for the construction of new buildings. Only in 18 century Pope Benedict XIV manages to save the rest of the amphitheater and begins its restoration.
Near the Colosseum you will see the almost famous Arch of Constantine. It was built in honor of the victory of Constantine the Great against Maxentius on the Milvian Bridge in 312., which made him the first sole ruler of the Roman Empire. These events led to the legalization of Christianity and its conversion into a state religion.
The smallest independent country in the world has the exclusive role of being the world capital of Catholicism and home to some of the most important religious and historical sites in the world.. Its area is less than half a square kilometer, but there are the square "St.. Peter ”and the Basilica of St.. Peter, The Sistine Chapel, the remarkable museums and libraries of the Vatican, which preserve invaluable historical and cultural heritage.
In the basilica "St.. Peter "preserves one of the most magnificent works of Michelangelo - the sculpture" Pieta ", depicting the body of Jesus in the lap of his mother Mary after his removal from the cross. The figures are in real size, and the work is a masterpiece in every way.
The Sistine Chapel is one of the Vatican's most remarkable museums with its impressive ceiling, decorated again by Michelangelo. On the altar wall is another masterpiece of the artist - the scene with the Last Judgment.
You can also find an art gallery in the Vatican, Museum of Secular Art, Etruscan Museum and many others. The Borgia Apartment is located in the Apostolic Palace, Raphael's rooms and other exhibitions, dedicated to the life of the leaders of the Roman Catholic Church.
The Pantheon is the best-preserved monument of Roman antiquity and is almost intact. 2000 years. The first temple on this site was built in 27-25 r. etc. Christ, but it was set on fire twice, as the current construction is from the time of Emperor Hadrian, about 118 – 126 r. Since then, its remarkable construction has been preserved and is a proof of the great engineering and architectural achievements of the Roman builders.. 43-the meter dome stands without visible supports, which are actually hidden in the walls. And the nine-meter entrance is the only source of light in the temple.
The temple was originally pagan and its purpose was to be a "temple of all the gods.". Through 609 r. the Byzantine emperor Phocas donated the temple to Pope Boniface IV and it became a Christian church, dedicated to the Mother of God and the Christian martyrs, as it is to this day. Since then, except a religious temple, The Pantheon has also been used as a tomb for famous historical figures. There are the tombs of the Italian kings Victor Emmanuel II and Umberto I., as well as Queen Margaret of Savoy. The artist Raphael is also buried in the temple.
A walk around the Roman Forum, located in the heart of a fast-paced modern capital, is like going back two millennia. It has been the heart of ancient Rome and the entire Western world for centuries. This is witnessed by the remains of magnificent columns, triumphal arches, walls of buildings. Here was the center of religious and political life in Rome, as well as the courts, markets, meeting places. After 7 century buildings fall into disrepair, and many of the stones were used to build new buildings. Only in 18 and 19 century began more serious excavations and research, which reveal the heart of ancient Rome under a 10-meter layer of soil and debris.
The Palatine Hill is the place, where you can learn about the earliest periods in the history of Rome. according to legend, it was here that Romulus and Remus were found and rescued by the wolf. There are signs of population in the area from 9 in BC. and the temple of Cybele, existed between 3 in. BC and 4 century AD. The Palatine Hill was also chosen as the site of the palaces of emperors and aristocrats because of its excellent location - close to the Forum., but because it is located higher, he is far from the swamps, .
() . Definitely, . 19 r. , . . 1762 r. by Giuseppe Panini, who took it over after many years of manual labor by Nicolas Salvi. The name of the fountain is quite prosaic - it comes from Tre Vie (three ways), as the fountain was the intersection of three streets.
And why do people throw coins into the fountain? In fact, everything is due to a myth, created in the movie "Three Coins in the Fountain" by 1954 r. According to this myth, if you toss a coin, you will return to Rome. If you toss two coins, you will fall in love with a beautiful Italian. If you toss three coins, you will marry this person. In order for the wish to have an effect, you have to toss the coin with your right hand over your left shoulder. As a result of such activities, each year in the fountain are thrown around 1 million. From 2007 r. so far they have donated to charity.
Piazza di Spagna is one of the most visited squares in Rome because of its incredible beauty and majesty.. Its name comes from the fact, that from 17 The Spanish Palace has been located on this place for centuries (Palace of Spain), where the Spanish embassy in the Vatican is located.
The remarkable Spanish Steps were built in 18 century, to connect the square with the church Trinità dei Monti. The majestic staircase is a popular place for photos or just for passers-by to rest, to sit and admire the beautiful square.
Another landmark on the square is the Barkacha Fountain, built in 1627 year.
Rome is dotted with small and large squares, monumental or pretty and cozy. And although they are terribly popular and often crowded, some squares really should not be missed. Like the baroque Piazza Navona. This is where the Domitian Stadium once stood, also known as Circus Agonalis. The arena was built in 86 r. and is used for athletic competitions, as it fit close 20 000 audience. Today, the most remarkable sites on the square are the three beautiful fountains, designed during the time of Pope Gregory XIII.
The fountain of the four rivers (fountain of the Four Rivers) is probably the most beautiful, decorated with 4 statues, symbolizing the most important rivers of the continents, in which Christianity is widespread - the Nile, Danube, Gang and Rio de la Plata.
The Moorish fountain represents an African, standing in a sink, fighting a dolphin, surrounded by four newts. All statues are placed in a pool of pink marble.
The third is the Fountain of Neptune, on which the god Neptune is depicted, fighting an octopus and surrounded by other sea creatures.
It is a curious fact, that to the middle of 19 in. every summer the drainage systems of the three fountains were closed and the square turned into a lake, which the locals loved very much. Even today, Piazza Navona is one of the most charming places in Rome, which you can also enjoy from the terraces of the surrounding restaurants.
A key point when planning a visit to Rome is to choose a time, in which you will avoid at least part of the crowds of tourists. Rome is a popular destination all year round, with a mild climate in winter. It is calmest between October and April, and in December you can enjoy charming Christmas bazaars. If you want warmer weather, bet on May or September. In the summer, Rome is really extremely busy, and it can be quite hot and humid. And if still your only option is to visit Rome in the summer, by no means miss it - just book a hotel and tickets for the main attractions a few months in advance.
This article was written with the assistance of BulTravel and Agent Express EOOD.
Author : Ivan Rashkov