It is curious how a city is so significant and full of stories, capital of one of the largest European countries, somehow remains in the shadow of major European tourist destinations. Not, that Berlin lacks tourists, but its fame as a charming city, worth a visit, . , . Berlin, , hides a lot of stories, landmarks, numerous museums with exclusive exhibitions and entertainment for everyone. In this article we will tell you about the most interesting sights in Berlin.
, . 1788 g., and its prototype is the opposite of the Acropolis of Athens. The monument is high 26 meters and during the Cold War was the locked gate in the Berlin Wall between the two parts of the city. It is the site of significant historical events such as the speech of Ronald Reagan, in which he calls on Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the wall and numerous public demonstrations during the partition. Visiting the gate is completely free, and her charm is even greater at night.
The restored Reichstag is located very close to the gate and today is the current headquarters of the German parliament, as well as an extremely popular tourist attraction to visit. The Reichstag building was built in 1894 r. precisely to house the parliament of the German Empire and fulfill its purpose until 1933 g., when burned. It then remained unusable until the unification of Germany, , 1999 , .
, which reveals a beautiful panorama of Berlin. Under the dome is the only public restaurant in a functioning parliament in the world, where you can immerse yourself in the magic of night Berlin from above. The entrance to the dome and the observation terrace is with tickets, as it is advisable to buy them earlier.
Paradise for all lovers of history and museums is called Museum Island, and the complex is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Here you will find five major museums, including the oldest and most important museum institutions in Germany – Old museum (Old museum), New museum (new museum), Old National Gallery (Old National Gallery), Bode Museum (Bode Museum), Pergamon Museum (Pergamon Museum). The complex was built by order of the Prussian kings in between 1824 and 1930 r. The old museum (Old museum) was built in 1830 g., to store the crown's jewelry and other royal valuables. Today it has an antique collection and a numismatic cabinet. The new museum (new museum) was created as an additional building for the meetings, which no longer fit in the Old Museum. The building was destroyed during World War II and rebuilt and reopened in 2009 r. Today it houses collections of Egyptian heritage, cigarettes and classical antiquity. The old National Gallery was opened in 1876 r. and preserves neoclassical sculptures and paintings from the period 1815 – 1848 g., as well as works from Impressionism and Early Modernism. In the Bode Museum you can see a collection of Byzantine art, as well as a large collection of sculptures from a very wide period of time - from the Middle Ages to around 1700 r. The most popular museum is Pergamon, which houses collections of Islamic art and reconstructions of historic buildings from the Middle East. And the newest museum attraction is the Humboldt Forum, 2019 g., .
1961 r. , . 1989 g., 155 4 m, 55 , 293 57 . Today, small and symbolic remains of it remain, as a section of 1,4 km, known as the Berlin Wall Memorial, dotted with graffiti and reminiscent of the sinister times of the division of Europe. There are various attractions along the wall, which you can visit and learn more about those times. Like a museum, dedicated to the fugitives through the wall, memorial to the victims of communism, a memorial to those killed in an attempt to escape to the other part of Germany.
Another popular attraction, related to the Cold War. The most famous checkpoint between the two parts of the city has now been turned into a museum and memorial, in which you can see exhibitions, dedicated to human rights and the history of the Berlin Wall. Here you can get acquainted with some of the most curious attempts to cross the wall, . .
2001 r. , which illustrate the long history and struggle of German Jews from the Middle Ages to the present day. Among them are works of art, religious objects, over 24 000 photos, etc..
The DDR Museum is dedicated to life in East Berlin before the fall of the wall. It is located in the old government district in the eastern part of the capital. In it you can find interactive exhibitions, related to citizen monitoring, everyday life, a copy of a prison cell, interrogation halls, . For enthusiasts there is also a Trabant car simulator, in which you can feel or remember what it was like to drive this vehicle on the German streets.
Today, the Gestapo Museum is located on the territory of the former secret police headquarters, to recall the torture and terror of the Cold War.
The Holocaust Memorial is also a sobering experience, composed of 2711 concrete blocks area of вЂ ‹вЂ‹ 19 000 sq. m.
Although the tower is already on 50 years, it has not lost its popularity as one of the favorite places of tourists in Berlin. But there is a reason for this, the tower itself can be seen from almost every point of the city, and the view from the 368-meter building is really not to be missed. At a height of 207 meters in the tower is a restaurant.
Charlottenburg Palace (in German: Schloss Charlottenburg) . 17 . The main entrance of the castle has a 48-meter dome, which does not go unnoticed. The interior offers renovations of the halls with rich and exquisite decoration. . , paintings by famous artists and royal furniture.
German scientific and technological progress is undoubtedly an interesting topic and there is definitely something to show. In the Museum of Technology you will see models of all kinds of inventions, including cars, aircraft, steam engines, trains.
Its appearance may seem strange to you - a modern high tower, next to a dilapidated dilapidated old bell tower. The original church on this site was built in 1895 r. in honor of Kaiser Wilhelm I., but was destroyed by bombing in 1943 r. Through 1961 r. the new church was designed on the same site, as part of the remains of the old one are built into it, to remind of destruction and terror. Today the complex also plays the role of a war memorial.
The warm seasons are always a good idea to visit Berlin, especially late spring (May) and early fall (September). April is celebrated as a month with unpredictable weather, and March may still be winter and frosty. During the summer, although the warmest, rains are not uncommon, especially in July. . September is a great time to walk around the German capital.
This article was written with the assistance of BulTravel and Agent Express EOOD.
Author : Ivan Rashkov